Nakatsu-miya, Munakata Taisha—A Place for Daily Religious Practice

The island of Oshima, located 7 km from Konominato Harbor in Munakata City, is the largest island in Fukuoka Prefecture. The population of the island is around 700.
Nakatsu-miya, one of the three shrines that comprise Munakata Taisha, is situated on this island. It enshrines Tagitsuhime-no-Kami, one of the Three Female Deities of Munakata.
Nakatsu-miya, Munakata Taisha
Nakatsu-miya, Munakata Taisha
View of the Kyushu mainland around Hetsu-miya from the summit of Mt. Mitake

Near Oshima Harbor on the southern side of the island is a torii gate that stands near the sea, indicating the deep connection between Nakatsu-miya and the sea.
 The Amanogawa River ("Milky Way") flows within the shrine's precincts. On each bank of the river is a small shrine: one is called Kengyu-sha and the other is Shokujo-sha. According to a Japanese legend, Kengyu and Shokujo (the stars Altair and Vega) are lovers, but their residences are separated by the Amanogawa River. The lovers are allowed to meet only once a year, on the seventh day of the seventh month in the lunar calendar.
 On that day (August 7 in the Gregorian calendar), the Star Festival is observed at Nakatsu-miya; it is the largest of the shrine's festivals.
 In the past, there was a custom that before the festival day men and women gathered at Kengyu-sha and Shokujo-sha, respectively. They drew river water in tubs and studied the images reflected in the water to determine whom their partners would be. This custom originated during the Kamakura period (1192–1333).

After passing under a torii gate and ascending the steep stone steps, visitors glimpse the shrine buildings of Nakatsu-miya. Its Main Hall has been designated as a Tangible Cultural Property of Fukuoka Prefecture.
 Adjacent to the Main Hall are several subordinate shrines, which have been relocated from various places on the island.
Visitors who take the path beside the shrine office that leads to the Amanogawa River will find the Ama-no-manai spring.
 According to the Kojiki and Nihonshoki (Japan's oldest historical records, compiled in the early 8th century), the sun goddess Amaterasu once broke her younger brother's sword into three pieces, purified them with the sacred water of the spring, chewed them in her mouth, and then blew them out with her breath. From her breath emerged the Three Female Deities of Munakata.
 Fresh cold water gushes from the spring throughout the year, and is believed to grant longevity and happiness. Many children visit the spring to draw water since it is also believed that use of the water in Indian ink helps improve one's calligraphic skills.

Nakatsu-miya Shrine Buildings
Mountain path of Mt. Mitake
Mountain path of Mt. Mitake

 There is a 970 meters path to the summit of Mt Mitake from the back of the main hall. The Shrine building of Mitake Shrine was built at the summit of the mountain, and the main hall and worship hall of Nakatsu-miya at the base of the mountain, when ancient rituals on the summit were no longer cunducted.
A path links the main hall with the mountain's summit, together forming the sacred precinct of Nakatsu-miya. The summit of Mt. Mitake offers a sweeping view of the Genkai Sea, including Okinoshima and the main island of Kyushu.


JR Togo Station/Fukuma station

Bus 25 minutes

Konominato Hatoba stop

Konominato Harbor

Ferry 25 minutes

Oshima Harbor

Oshima Harbor

5 minutes on foot

Nakatsu-miya, Munakata Taisha

Historic Sites

  • Yume-no-Sayoshima Islet

    Nine-minute walk from Nakatsu-miya

    Yume-no-Sayoshima Islet
    During the Muromachi Period (1333–1573), the poet Sogi (1421-1502) visited Munakata and composed a poem that was inspired by this small scenic islet.
  • Ansho-in

    Eleven-minute walk from Nakatsu-miya

    Ansho-in Temple
    Ansho-in is the only Buddhist temple on Oshima. The stone monument within its precinct is believed to mark the tomb of Abe Muneto, a warrior who was exiled to Oshima after being defeated in the Former Nine Years War (1051–1062) . The temple commands a panoramic view of the island.
  • Oshima Koryu-kan(Oshima Cultural Center)

    Oshima Koryu-kan(Oshima Cultural Center)
    This facility offers displays and explanations about the deep historical connection between Okinoshima and Oshima, particularly regarding Nakatsu-miya and Okitsu-miya Yohaisho as places of worship.
    Hours: 10:00 –16:00 daily
    Closed Tuesdays
    This facility will remain open on national holidays, but will be closed the following day.
    Phone: 0940-72-2797

Links and Contact Information

Munakata Taisha Shrine Office

2331 Tashima, Munakata, Fukuoka 811-3505

Tel+81 0940-62-1311

Fax+81 0940-62-1315

Munakata Taisha

Munakata City Office for World Heritage

1-1-1 Togo, Munakata, Fukuoka 811-3492

Tel+81 0940-36-9456

Fax+81 0940-36-6912

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